You know that some animals live in herds or groups and others live by themselves. The sheep, the lion and the elephant live collectively, but the goat, the tiger and the cat live separately, on their own. Yes, the creatures of the ape group also live collectively. Al creatures with herd instinct have a leader. They do not have any form of militia netrtva (collective leadership) amongst themselves. This is because collective leadership ultimately creates fissures in the samgha (an association or organization or society), and this goes against the very nature of existence. The human being is also a creature that leada a collective life. However much one might use vocal pyrotechnics or speak eloquently against hero-worship, in their hear of hears humans have always longed for strong and firm leadership. They are collective-minded creatures; if one finds an ideal leader, one comes and others and offers all one's love and devotion to them on the one hand, and on the other hand does not hesitate to face death willingly, at their command. This is the inner characteristic of human thinking which keeps one's mind and hear always fulfilled. Even those who oppose hero-worship only do it verbally but not from the core of their heart.
In case, these apes are a group of creatures associated with humans. Like humans, they have heard instinct and unlimited love and devotion for their leader. When the leader becomes old, he or she hands over the leadership to a younger monkey and retires. Whether they are red-faced, dark-faced or small-sized monkeys or baboons, they will have a leader. Since very ancient times, the word “gabaya” was used to describe a monkey leader. In spoken Bengali, we call this gabaya, viir hanuman. (In the bracket it is not Baba's words, I am just adding it, but when anyone translate Baba 's words , please delete this one inside the bracket: Those of you read the mythological Ramayana, Human is the monkey leader and it is one of the Gods in Hindu mythology).
The word “kusháku”, if it is used in the masculine gender, or if we spell it by using the Sanskrit spirant (vasarga), then the meaning becomes “the powerful monkey” - such as “vir hunuman.” There are several hundred species of monkeys. They are diverse in appearance and nature. Some are calm and quiet, gentle and discipĺined, and others are very brave like kushákuh. Some have a brown face in colur, others are black, and still others are red in colour. Among the red -faced monkeys, those that are smaller in appearance are called ulluk in Sanskrit. They are very intelligent. According to their degree of advancement on the evolutionary path, monkeys vary in their vocabularies. Some have only 2 to 4 hundred words in their language, and others have six to seven hundred words that they use. There is very little difference between the vocubulary size of extremely undeveloped humans and of highly- developed monkeys. This means that f there is some addition to the vocabulary of developed monkeys, it would come close to the language of underdeveloped humans. Judging by their language, the developed monkeys with tails are more advanced than tailless monkeys (gorillas, chimpanzees and orangutans. Overall, of course, orangutangs have more advance intelligence.
In physical strength none can compare with the gorillas. Among these apes, those with tails, which are more powerful – those darked-faced monkeys – are called hanuman in spoken Bengali, and in Northern India languar. They have great physical strength. Male apes are called viir hanuman in colloquial language. These viir hanuman belong to the kusháku genus.
Pages 228 to 230 from Part 7 “Carnivorous Animals and the Ape Family”, book by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar “Birds and Animals, Our Neigbhors” 311 pages (Originally published in Bengali as Amader Prativishii Pashu o Paksii in 1987 to English in 2007 by Ananda Marga Pracaraka Samgha (Central).