quinta-feira, 12 de agosto de 2010

Vídeos Participativos realizados no Brasil, Ghana and Burkina Faso (Por Monika Misiowiec)

Ghana: shot by 10 "Kekeli women" a bunch of powerful 
Traditional Birth Attendants and health promoters 
at the AMURT Mafi Seva Clinic in Ghana

Burkina Faso: made by six nomadic women living 
in one of the remotest places on earth, far out in the sahel 
of northern burkina faso, in an area where AMURT has 
maternity health projects amongst other things.

São Paulo, Brasil: made by mothers that have children 
in the AMURT creche in one favela of São Paulo.

Belo Horizonte, Brasil: made by five year olds at 
the AMURT creche in Belo Horizonte.

PV is based on a type of model where participants, often people that have never seen or touched a camera in their whole life- learn and teach each other the basic functions of the camera through fun and creative games and exercises led by a facilitator. The exercises strenghten the dynamic and bond of the group and build trust amongs its members, the degree and depth of course varies depending on the type of group worked with, the culture, as well as the time pressure surrounding the project.

Throughout the duration of the workshop, which can be anything from say 1-10 days, the group together identifies interesting themes for a film or video message, often something that touches them all, plans the story with all its scenes, presentations, interviews etc, and goes out to film it. The important and for some of us may i say outcome-fixated Westerners, controversial thing about PV (participatory video) is that the process is considered as, if not more important than the finished product, and sometimes we in fact end up without any finished film, but the participants have been through a very profound and empowering journey together, and perhaps got some important insights and solutions to their community´s problems. So the process of PV can be a very delicate and therapeutic tool and has been used with for example mental health service users in the UK, while other times it is just great fun, and the participants have a nice memory in the form of a film.

The objective of these AMURT films are that they are to be used on the AMURT website and the individual project's websites to attract interest and volunteers as well as for fundraising. They are showing that AMURT is an NGO that works in a progressive way with a strong commitment to working from the grassroots level, empowering the communities in our projects to identify their own problems and act as agents for change. This can be seen in for example the Kekeli Ghana film below and this type of wave can be set into motion through the latest stage of the participatory video process which is to organize large community screenings where the participants show their films and mobilize discussion, critical thinking, action groups and so on. PV has been used to impact policy and government decisions, and even for conflict resolution in small villages in Africa. It's uses are multiple, and as for now I feel I am only just scratching on the surface, but it is a very fun, dynamic and fulfilling thing which I and some other friends are hoping to adapt to a fully proutistic model. (www.prout.org)

If you want to know more about PV go to www.insightshare.org, a fantastic organization that pioneered PV in Europe and that I worked for in London.

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