Prout is a complete socio-economic theory based on an integrated view of life and comprising a wide spectrum of human activity, propounded by Shrii Prabhat Rainjan Sarkar (1921-1990) in 1959. At the time it presented an undeniable challenge to the outdated Marxist and capitalist theories whose falls it predicts. Based on practical observances rather than theoretical assumptions, Prout remains very much a vibrant rational ideological alternative today.
The name Prout is an acronym of progressive utilization theory. For the first time human goals and aspirations on any level of existence have been brought within the compass of a comprehensive socio-economic theory. Earlier socio-economic thought could not compehend a synthetic approach to human physical, mental and spiritual requirements. Hence they could provide neither for the integrated development of individuals nor the wholesome adjustment with others and the environment.